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Ground Shipping

This approach involves using trucks or other ground-based vehicles to transport goods across the road. Ground shipping is distinguished by two major options that influence cost and shipment time.

LTL Freight

This abbreviation stands for “less-than-(truck)load” and is ideal for people looking to ship on a budget. Because LTL shipments take less than all of a truck’s cargo capacity, the customer is charged less for that real estate by sharing it with other customers. Since multiple people are shipping in the same vehicle, LTL shipments tend to involve multiple stops and take a longer time to arrive.

FTL Freight

This abbreviation stands for “full truckload” and is best used for shipping enough to fill a truck’s cargo space. While this ensures that the truck heads directly to its destination, there is an increased cost as the customer is paying for all of the truck’s storage capacity.

The Pros and Cons of Ground Freight


  • Weather is less of a factor compared to air freight.
  • It is ideal for large or bulky items.
  • It is cheaper than air freight.


  • LTL shipments have a wider margin of error for delivery.
  • Truck shipments are at the mercy of road conditions.
  • Long-distance trips are subject to hijacking, accidents and other events that could risk cargo. Further, packages are vulnerable during the transition from one vehicle or site to another.
  • It is a poor choice for perishable cargo.


Air Shipping

The most obvious benefit of air cargo planes is that they can cross oceans and make no intermittent stops. Items shipped by air freight leave one airport and arrive at another.


  • It is faster than ground freight.
  • It can reach places that ground can neither reach directly or not at all.
  • Cargo is more tightly controlled and monitored than with ground shipping, minimizing damages and loss.
  • It is great for perishables and animals.


  • Fuel costs and expedience factor into the increased price. Shipping exceptionally heavy or bulky items tends to incur an increased cost.
  • Planes are at the mercy of inclement weather conditions, as well as problems at the airport. Dangerous conditions can greatly disrupts the schedules of aerial shipments.